Here are the five steps for teaching alphabet letters. Several activities are suggested for each step and you can add or subtract according to the level of your students and the materials available for you in your classroom. Start with a letter story for warm-up activities and prepare the children for learning that letter.
Listening and singing an alphabet song
- Let the children listen to an alphabet song.
- Start by singing it around them, even if you don’t ask them to participate or repeat after you.
- Begin with some actions and keep it fun.
- Encourage them to sing the song after you.
- Have them sing it in groups and individually.
Listening and repeating a letter name
- After the song, let them listen to a particular letter name and say it.
- While telling the letter name, have them watch your mouth to see how it is pronounced.
- Let the children repeat the letter name after you.
- Have them see the letter card and ask them to tell its name.
- Show them different kinds of letter cards (a card with both a picture and a letter first, and then a card with a letter only).
- Repeat the process till all the children are able to say the letter name.
- You can also invite a child in the front to say the letter name and have the others repeat after the letter name him/her.
- Have the children trace on sandpaper letters.
- Also let them trace or make letters in the sand, flour, air, table, hand, etc.
- Give them tracing worksheets.
- These activities are meant for sensorial practice and help the children to create the image of the letter in their brain.
- Have them trace each letter following the correct directions.
- Before tracing, be sure the children have developed the skills of the pencil grip.
- Each time the children trace the letter; have them say the letter name.
3. Colouring and pasting
- Colouring and pasting activities are for sensorial practice and creativity.
- Let the children fill colours in big printed line-drawing letters.
- Give them big printed letters and guide them to paste different things inside the lines.
- Help them with colouring, pasting and gluing. Provide help to the extent on the children need. Do not explain a lot, rather than show them how to do it.
- Choose activities according to the age of the children.
- Show the children alphabet books, posters, letter cards and ask them to name the letters.
- Give them different alphabet puzzles.
- Have them do the activity with the sandpaper letters and LMA (Large Movable Alphabet)/SMA (Small Movable Alphabet).
- Have them find a picture for each letter.
- Give them a chart with different letters and ask them to circle any one letter.
- Let them match capital and small letters.
- Give printable words of newspaper cutouts (things we buy, food labels, toy traffic signs, and other environmental print) and ask the children to circle the letters they have learnt.
- Use magnetic letters to involve the children in the activity like matching capital and small letters.
- Mix plastic or wooden letters with other objects and have the children do the activities like sorting and matching.
- Have the children do the worksheets of letter ordering and letter naming fluency
test given in My Blue Book of English on Page 12.
- Let them categorize vowel and consonant words.
- Help the children create different letter crafts.
- Have the children create different letters using play-dough and locally available materials.
- Have the children use letter stamps and ink pads to print letters on paper or in booklets.
- Let them also use letter-shaped sponges to paint letters and letter-shaped cookie cutters to cut out clay letters.
- Help the children write the letters in fourlines worksheets.
- Let the children work in groups and have them make letters using their body.
- Have them make a booklet of letters (capital and small) with pictures of objects beginning
with a particular letter on each page.